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Thread: 16197427 Memcal vs 16196395 Memcal

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    Fuel Injected! corvairnut's Avatar
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    16197427 Memcal vs 16196395 Memcal

    OK.. Ive been using the 16196395 /NON-CPI memcal and $OD mask and my bin file without issue for a couple years. I got some 16197427 ECMs and used my 6395 memcals with no issues and the $OD Mask. I got some 7427 ECMs in and the memcal will not work well with my setup. After examining the memcals, the ones I'm having trouble with are the ones with the blue and white netres chips (under the knock board). The Memcals with the black netres chips work fine. I also tried the $OE mask thinking maybe that was it, but it ran even worse.

    The issue Im having is light and no TPS, the new memcals appear to turn off fuel, but run OK as long as your 1/2 throttle and above. Again, my bin file runs fine on all 1616395 non-cpi ECMs, its only when I install these memcals with with blue/white netres chips do I have a problem.

    any ideas?

    Ted
    Ted Brown
    Anderson, SC
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    what all are the applications of the MEMCALs that don't work?

    and what engine are they being used to run?
    1995 Chevrolet Monte Carlo LS 3100 + 4T60E


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    Fuel Injected! corvairnut's Avatar
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    CPI Memcal.... what is the difference?

    Quote Originally Posted by RobertISaar View Post
    what all are the applications of the MEMCALs that don't work?

    and what engine are they being used to run?
    OK... I feel stupid now. For some reason I was under the impression that 7427 didnt have CPI applications and the BCC listing confirms that it does. thanks Robert for making me look twice.

    Does anyone know why the CPI memcals will not work on my $OD bin file. I have 4 that I already modified for the chip and I might just put these on the shelf for awhile.

    thanks
    Ted Brown
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    This sounds familiar. Did you mention this issue a while back?

    We are still learning about memcal internal circuitry and every piece of the puzzle is important. There appears to be a relationship between memcal internal wiring and injector firing strategy and that may be part of the issue here. Can you read the small numbers on the knock board? Also, is there a date on the memcal label or maybe in the .bin? Did you look through the scan data while the engine is running? Did you see any unusual readings? Do you happen to have a picture of the memcal that shows the blue and white chips? And finally, were the working calibrations from CPI engines or were they from TBI engines?

    Sorry to pose questions instead of answers but maybe this will help unravel the memcal mysteries for everyone.
    Last edited by 1project2many; 10-20-2012 at 04:14 PM.

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    Fuel Injected! pmkls1's Avatar
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    Ummmm, this is kind of a dumb question, but could the difference in the memcals be one is for a 6 cylinder engine vs. 8 cylinder engine ?
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    Fuel Injected! corvairnut's Avatar
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    I burn my bin file to chip and place in Memcal. I know it would matter which memcal i used for limp home mode, but Im using DIS with timing offset, so my bet would be it would not matter as my 6 cyl memcals have a almost non-existance limphome mode.

    To restate my question/statement: I can use the NON-CPI memcals with my bin with no problem (V-6 or 8). When I use a CPI memcal, It will run pretty good at the 2000 RPMs and above and under load. Idle and low load situations, it acts like its loading up and as throttle is applied appears to burn off the excess. I hate to trash the CPI modules as I had already converted them to accept chips. Is it the fueling since I have 2 injectors and it someway CPI is using one?

    I dont want to beat a dead horse, but I also hate trashing good chips.

    Ted
    Last edited by corvairnut; 10-21-2012 at 05:51 AM.
    Ted Brown
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    EFI GearHead ! EagleMark's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by corvairnut View Post
    I dont want to beat a dead horse, but I also hate trashing good chips.

    Ted
    But your also not given us info needed as asked above so we will never be able to figure it out.

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    Fuel Injected! corvairnut's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by EagleMark View Post
    But your also not given us info needed as asked above so we will never be able to figure it out.
    Sorry.. I did not see that questions/requests from 1toomany above. BTW the chips that dont work BNBH, BHRD, BNKM (CPI).

    The engine readings looked fine in tuner pro.... maybe timing was down about 5 degrees, but would not cause the issues I was having. With a TBI bin on a CPI memcal, Its almost like the engine is loading up at low load/idle area but fine in the upper RPM and higher load. When I run a CPI bin that I changed to my particulars, the engine surges at idle, so I never went any farther From my research on the issue before, the knock board is engine/trans specific and can be transfered to other memcals and did not appear affected by the netres chips. I have read and can document the differences in the chips on my next post.

    thanks in advance. Let me know if you need anything else.

    Ted
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    Last edited by corvairnut; 10-24-2012 at 06:56 PM.
    Ted Brown
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    Fuel Injected! corvairnut's Avatar
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    Bill Hamilton at binderplanet documented this awhile back. I tried it with another older chip, but failed to work. I want to see it this will work on the blue/white netres as this has to be it. This modification fires the injector every 4th DRP and would explain why im loading up at low load/RPMs with the CPI Memcal. Again, I hate to trash good chips that might can be modified. I will perform the mod Friday night after I get back in town. http://www.binderplanet.com/forums/s...d.php?t=101802

    Ted
    Ted Brown
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    Very sorry I didn't reply sooner. I've been stupid busy lately and it's only getting worse with the potential for the hurricane coming in this weekend.

    With the problem memcals, the ecm is likely delivering 1/3 the expected fuel most of the time due to the injectors firing on every third reference pulse. The fact that it's better at part throttle was a bit confusing at first but then I realized that the throttle angle probably correlates to PE mode entry where the ecm will switch to asynchronous fuel delivery. In asynchronous mode the ecm fires the injectors based on internally calculated values rather than reference pulses.

    Much of the memcal information you can find on the 'net came about due to work over at thirdgen.org and that's a great site to research on. On this forum, Dave W asked about using an underhood ecm such as a 7808 or 7727 with V8 TBI and that in turned into a bit of a project involving memcal differences. Here's some of the info:


    http://www.gearhead-efi.com/Fuel-Injection/showthread.php?454-What-If-8D-(1227727-ECM)-for-TBI&p=3374&viewfull=1#post3374
    I've done a bunch of reading and some testing. From the hardware perspective, here's the cyl select data. Bear with me if it seems repetitive. I'm trying to get this all together in one place.

    Pin 56 of the memcal is the cylinder select pin. On some web pages it's referred to as cal56, on others it's VRFD, and in another it's called "pin 11" because it's connected to pin 11 of another chip. The voltage on this pin determines the fuel mode selected. Voltage is controlled by resistors connected between pins 56 and 58 and between pins 56 and 53 of the memcal. 58 is +5V and 53 is gnd. There are 5 modes available:

    MEM/CAL
    Mode Selection
    Application Mode Input Voltage (R29/R30 ratio) Frequency Of Injection
    1. Alternating TBI 2/3 VRFD + 10% ALT. Every REF pulse
    2. Single Injector TBI VRFD + 0% - 10% Every REF pulse
    3. 4 Cyl. PFI 2/3 VRFD +/- 10% Every 4th REF pulse
    4. 6 Cyl. PFI 1/3 VRFD + 10% Every 3rd REF pulse
    5. 8 Cyl. PFI GND -0% + 10% Every 4th rd REF pulse







    Using this information and the schematic referenced earlier in the thread I went ahead and measured some memcals I have here.


    ECM CAL APPLICATION RFD CHIP NO RESISTANCE TO GND (PIN 53) RESISTANCE TO VCC (PIN 58) CALCULATED CYL SELECT VOLTAGE
    1227165 89 VETTE TPI 16133420 7.5K INFINITE 0
    1227165 1987 VETTE TPI 16055376 7.5K INFINITE 0
    1227727 3.1 PFI ENGINE 7.5K 15K 1.7
    1228706 AYZD 1992 3.3 V6 7.5K 15K 1.7
    16197427 1994 4.3 CPI 7.5K 15K 1.7
    1227730 ADPS 2.8 V6 7.5K 15K 1.7
    1228253 AJRZ 3.8 SFI 7.5K 15K 1.7
    16196396 94-95 TBI TRUCK MANUAL TRANS 15K 7.5K 3.3
    1227749 AMDD 1988 QUAD 4 15K 7.5K 3.3
    16197427 BJYA 1995 TBI TRUCK AUTO TRANS 15K 7.5K 3.3
    1227128 ARZW W BODY 3.1 15K 7.5K 3.3
    1227730 BABM 92 BERETTA 3.1 15K 7.5K 3.3
    1227749 AMDD(2) 1988 QUAD 4 15K 7.5K 3.3
    16197427 BPKW 4.3 VIN W 15K 7.5K 3.3
    1227165 ACKD 4 CYL TRUCK TBI INFINITE 7.5K 5
    1227807 ASDD W BODY QUAD4 INFINITE 7.5K 5
    1227165 ACWS 2.5 TBI INFINITE 7.5K 5








    According to the info in the first table, 5V is single injector TBI, 3.3V enables 4 cyl PFI or alternating TBI, 1.7V sets 6 cyl PFI, and 0V is 8 cylinder PFI mode. Almost all the measurements make sense except the Q4 memcal set for "single point TBI" and the cpi equipped 4.3 engines set for "alternating bank TBI or 4 cylinder PFI." I still need to understand the relationship between software controlled firing and the cyl select pins. I realized last night I don't even remember my logic gate diagrams anymore.
    The easiest answer for you is probably to use the chart of measured resistances above to modify your CPI / V6 memcal to match the TBI V8. The more difficult aspect is how you're going to do it. The V6 PFI resistances are opposite the values you need. Jumpering to ground does provide the correct voltage for TBI mode. The resistors are built into the netres chip so you can't just disconnect them. If it were me I'd probably try and locate some high quality resistors that are temperature stable. Disconnect pin 56 from the netres and connect the resistors externally to pins 53 and 58 as needed. I've modified the image in the thread you reference to indicate memcal pin numbers.

    Now here's another thought for a more professional looking result. The netres is nothing more than a "box" of resistors. GM has a way of reusing technology to save money and past discussions plus experience makes me think the old C3 TBI netres is very similar to what's included in the P4 ecm. If you could get your hands on some old TBI ecm chips to measure resistance chances are good that you'd find they'll work as backup fuel chips. There are TBI V6 and V8 versions so I'd look for a V8 chip to start. This would require more work but you'd have a final product that looked OE.

    For curiousity's sake, please let us know how this works out.
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    Last edited by 1project2many; 10-25-2012 at 06:01 AM.

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    Fuel Injected! pmkls1's Avatar
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    I don't want to jack this thread, but my question is semi relevant to the topic. I'm still trying to understand the exact functions of the netres chips in GM memcals as I was a little mistaken about them. According to the information you provided above 1project, the netres chips in several memcals appear to function the same even though they are used in applications with a different cylinder count. So, for example, a memcal from a quad 4 in a '749 application could be used in a '427 TBI application with the proper knock board installed ? I have been a little confused as to the function of the netres chips because not all memcals have a knock board. I have a few random memcals and ecm's laying around that I will investigate further now that I know what to look for. If I find any information that I think may be relevant to this discussion I will post it.
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    Fuel Injected! JeepsAndGuns's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by 1project2many View Post
    If you could get your hands on some old TBI ecm chips to measure resistance chances are good that you'd find they'll work as backup fuel chips. There are TBI V6 and V8 versions so I'd look for a V8 chip to start.
    I have a V6 and V8 7747 limp home chips setting here on my computer desk I can measure if you tell me the exact pins to measure and what ohm seting to set my multimeter to.
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    Fuel Injected! corvairnut's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by 1project2many View Post
    Very sorry I didn't reply sooner. I've been stupid busy lately and it's only getting worse with the potential for the hurricane coming in this weekend.

    With the problem memcals, the ecm is likely delivering 1/3 the expected fuel most of the time due to the injectors firing on every third reference pulse. The fact that it's better at part throttle was a bit confusing at first but then I realized that the throttle angle probably correlates to PE mode entry where the ecm will switch to asynchronous fuel delivery. In asynchronous mode the ecm fires the injectors based on internally calculated values rather than reference pulses.

    For curiousity's sake, please let us know how this works out.
    The Chart and the explaination is exactly what I was looking for. I will get the resistors tomorrow and the 1/8 watt ones will fit very easily under the knock board and from pin 56 to 58.

    I will report back soon.
    Ted Brown
    Anderson, SC
    68 Corvair EFI
    61 Corvair Loadside Pickup (Future EFI)

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    Super Moderator Six_Shooter's Avatar
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    I still have yet to understand why people think changing from dizzy to DIS makes the LHM mode irrelevant.

    In LHM, the ECM has ZERO control of timing, all pf the timing "control" is strictly by the ICM when LHM is active.

    If LHM worked with a dizzy, it will also work with DIS, I know this from experience in addition to understanding how LHM works, or more accurately doesn't work (directly) with the ignition system.
    The man who says something is impossible, is usually interrupted by the man doing it.

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    According to the information you provided above 1project, the netres chips in several memcals appear to function the same even though they are used in applications with a different cylinder count.
    More specifically the information I provided above shows one function of the netres uses the same value for different engines and nothing more. You might see the same coil on a four and an eight cylinder engine but you should not assume the entire ignition system is interchangeable between the two.

    I don't want to jack this thread, but my question is semi relevant to the topic. I'm still trying to understand the exact functions of the netres chips in GM memcals as I was a little mistaken about them.
    I've recently discovered some interesting information regarding netres function which appears to be sourced from GM / Delco engineering documentation. It's been around for many years but I don't think too many people have spent time with it. Many of the references are to pages, figures, and diagrams which the author assumes are available to the reader but are not included with my copy so I'm going to try and spend time with it clearing up some of the references if possible.

    I have a V6 and V8 7747 limp home chips setting here on my computer desk I can measure if you tell me the exact pins to measure and what ohm seting to set my multimeter to.
    Thank you! I'm likely to take you up on that in the future. The LHM programming includes thirty resistors in two networks so there will be a fair amount of work involved.

    I still have yet to understand why people think changing from dizzy to DIS makes the LHM mode irrelevant.
    IIRC the OP's trigger wheel angle ends up firing significantly ATDC when bypass mode is enabled making engine operation difficult if not impossible in LHM.

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